Instructions:

Click on the centuries at the top, use the arrows to scroll through the decades and click on the dots to see events from that year.

  1. 1808

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    U.S. Congress bars importation of slaves.

    1826

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    Joseph-Nicéphore Niepce takes the world's first photograph.

    1837

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    Victoria becomes Queen of Great Britain.

    1840

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    Lower and Upper Canada united.

    1849

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    California gold rush begins.

    1851

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    Herman Melville authors Moby-Dick.

    1858

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    First trans-Atlantic telegraph cable completed by Cyrus W. Field.

    1859

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    Jean-Joseph-Étienne Lenoir builds first practical internal-combustion engine.

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    Charles Darwin authors Origin of Species.

    1861

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    U.S. Civil War begins as attempts at compromise fail.

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    Pasteur's theory of germs.

    1865

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    Lincoln fatally shot at Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth.

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    Lewis Carroll authors Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

    1866

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    Alfred Nobel invents dynamite.

    1867

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    Dominion of Canada established (Confederation of Canada)

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    Thomas Edison Patents Electric Lightbulb.

    1869

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    James Fisk and Jay Gould's attempt to control gold market causes Black Friday panic.

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    Suez Canal opens.

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    Mendeleev's periodic table of elements.

    1871

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    The Chicago Fire, with 250 deaths and $196-million damage.

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    Stanley meets Livingstone in Africa.

    1872

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    Jules Verne authors Around the World in 80 Days.

    1873

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    Staebler Insurance opens for business.

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    Economic crisis in Europe.

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    U.S. establishes gold standard.

    1875

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    First Kentucky Derby.

    1876

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    Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone; World's first long distance phone call connects the Bell residence in the Maritimes with a shoe & boot store in Paris, Ontario.

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    Sioux kill Gen. George A. Custer and 264 troopers at Little Big Horn River.

    1881

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    Canadian Pacific Railway completed; connecting East and West coasts.

    1885

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    World's first skyscraper built in Chicago.

    1887

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    Sir Arthur Conan Doyle authors first Sherlock Holmes story, A Study in Scarlet.

    1888

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    George Eastman's box camera (the Kodak).

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    J. B. Dunlop invents pneumatic tire. Jack the Ripper murders in London.

    1889

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    Eiffel Tower built for the Paris exposition.

    1893

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    New Zealand becomes first country in the world to grant women the vote.

    1895

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    X-rays discovered by German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen.

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    Auguste and Louis Lumière premiere motion pictures at a café in Paris.

    1896

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    Alfred Nobel's will establishes prizes for peace, science, and literature.

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    First modern Olympic games held in Athens, Greece.

    1898

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    Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium and polonium.

  1. 1901

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    First Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Frederic Passy and Henry Duant.

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    Queen Victoria dies, and is succeeded by her son, Edward VII.

  2. 1902

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    Enrico Caruso's first gramophone recording.

  3. 1903

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    Wright brothers, Orville and Wilbur, fly first powered, controlled, heavier-than-air plane at Kitty Hawk.

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    N.C. Henry Ford organizes Ford Motor Company.

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    The Boston Red Sox win the first World Series against the Pittsburgh Pirates.

  4. 1904

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    General theory of radioactivity by Rutherford and Soddy.

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    New York City subway opens.

  5. 1905

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    Albert Einstein's special theory of relativity and other key theories in physics.

  6. 1908

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    Robert Stanley Weir wrote the Canadian National Anthem, the official and most popular version known today.

  7. 1909

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    North Pole reportedly reached by American explorers Robert E. Peary and Matthew Henson.

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    Plastic is invented.

  8. 1910

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    Boy Scouts of America incorporated.

  9. 1911

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    First use of aircraft as offensive weapon in Turkish-Italian War.

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    Chinese Republic proclaimed after revolution overthrows Manchu dynasty.

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    Amundsen reaches South Pole.

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    Ernest Rutherford discovers the structure of the atom.

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    WLU founded as the Evangelical Lutheran Seminary.

  10. 1912

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    Titanic sinks on maiden voyage; over 1,500 drown.

  11. 1913

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    Suffragists demonstrate in London.

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    Garment workers strike in New York and Boston; win pay raise and shorter hours.

  12. 1914

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    World War I begins: Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and wife Sophie are assassinated; Austria declares war on Serbia, Germany on Russia and France, Britain on Germany.

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    Panama Canal officially opened.

  13. 1915

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    Lusitania sunk by German submarine.

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    U.S. banks lend $500 million to France and Britain.

  14. 1916

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    “Black Tom” explosion at munitions dock in Jersey City, N.J., $40,000,000 damages; traced to German saboteurs.

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    Margaret Sanger opens first birth control clinic.

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    Easter Rebellion in Ireland put down by British troops.

  15. 1917

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    Russian Revolution of 1917.

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    Halifax Explosion in December; approximately 2,000 deaths and 9,000 non-fatal injuries.

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    The National Hockey League was founded in Montreal.

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    Armistice between new Russian Bolshevik government and Germans (Dec. 15).

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    Sigmund Freud's Introduction to Psychoanalysis.

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    Women get the vote in Ontario. Earliest elected woman in Canada was Hannah Gale (elected as an Alderman for the City of Calgary Municipal Council)

  16. 1918

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    Russian revolutionaries execute the former czar and his family.

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    German Kaiser abdicates (Nov.); hostilities cease on the Western Front.

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    Worldwide influenza (Spanish influenza) epidemic strikes; by 1920, nearly 20 million are dead. In U.S. alone, 500,000 perish.

  17. 1919

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    Paris peace conference. Versailles Treaty, incorporating Woodrow Wilson's draft Covenant of League of Nations, signed by Allies and Germany; rejected by U.S. Senate.

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    Alcock and Brown make first trans-Atlantic nonstop flight.

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    Mahatma Gandhi initiates satyagraha (“truth force”) campaigns, beginning his nonviolent resistance movement against British rule in India.

  18. 1920

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    League of Nations holds first meeting at Geneva, Switzerland.

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    First Agatha Christie mystery.

  19. 1922

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    Mussolini marches on Rome; forms Fascist government.

  20. 1924

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    Death of Lenin; Stalin wins power struggle, rules as Soviet dictator until death in 1953.

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    Robert Frost wins first of four Pulitzers.

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    First Olympic Winter Games, France.

  21. 1925

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    John T. Scopes convicted and fined for teaching evolution in a public school in Tennessee “Monkey Trial”; sentence set aside.

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    John Logie Baird, Scottish inventor, transmits human features by television.

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    Hitler publishes Volume I of Mein Kampf.

  22. 1926

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    Gertrude Ederle of U.S. is first woman to swim English Channel.

  23. 1927

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    Charles A. Lindbergh flies first successful solo nonstop flight from New York to Paris.

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    Georges Lemaître proposes Big Bang Theory.

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    Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs in the season; record stands for next 34 years.

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    The Jazz Singer, with Al Jolson,was the first part-talking motion picture.

  24. 1928

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    Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.

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    Richard E. Byrd starts expedition to Antarctic; returns in 1930.

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    Final volume of Oxford English Dictionary published after 44 years of research.

  25. 1929

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    Lateran Treaty establishes independent Vatican City.

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    In U.S., stock market prices collapse, with U.S. securities losing $26 billion—first phase of Depression and world economic crisis.

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    Edwin Powell Hubble proposes theory of expanding universe.

  26. 1931

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    Gangster Al Capone sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion (freed in 1939; dies in 1947).

  27. 1932

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    Amelia Earhart is first woman to fly Atlantic solo.

  28. 1934

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    Dionne sisters, first quintuplets to survive beyond infancy, born in Canada.

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    Bank of Canada formed.

  29. 1936

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    The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) founded.

  30. 1937

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    Disney produced its first feature-length animated film Snow White & The Seven Dwarfs.

  31. 1938

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    Fair Labor Standards Act establishes minimum wage.

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    Orson Welles's radio broadcast War of the Worlds.

  32. 1939

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    Germany invades Poland; occupies Bohemia and Moravia; renounces pact with England and concludes 10-year non-aggression pact with USSR; World War II begins.

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    Einstein writes FDR about feasibility of atomic bomb.

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    New York World's Fair opens. DAR Gone with the Wind premieres

  33. 1940

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    The first official network television broadcast is put out by NBC.

  34. 1941

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    Japanese surprise attack on the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor brings the U.S. into the war.

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    Orson Welles' Citizen Kane.

  35. 1943

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    Mussolini deposed Income tax withholding introduced.

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    Churchill and Roosevelt hold Casablanca Conference committing to a total Axis defeat.

  36. 1944

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    Allies invade Normandy on D-Day.

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    World Bank established.

  37. 1945

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    Germany surrenders.

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    United Nations established; Canada joins the United Nations U.S drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima.

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    The first electronic computer, ENIAC, is built.

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    The first family allowance baby bonus payments are received.

  38. 1946

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    League of Nations is dissolved.

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    Italy abolishes the monarchy.

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    BBC resumes broadcasting again for the first time since 1939.

  39. 1947

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    Chuck Yeager, piloting the experimental Bell X-1, breaks the sound barrier.

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    Jackie Robinson joins the Brooklyn Dodgers.

  40. 1948

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    Gandhi is assassinated.

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    Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire wins Pulitzer.

  41. 1949

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    George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four is published in London.

  42. 1950

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    Korean War begins when North Korean communist forces invade South Korea.

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    Eleven thieves steal more than $2 million in the Great Brink's Robbery.

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    Walt Disney Studios' debuts the animated film Cinderella.

  43. 1951

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    First NBA All-Star game is played.

  44. 1952

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    First shipment for Volkswagen Canada reached Toronto in early December.

  45. 1953

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    James Watson and Francis Crick publish their discover of the molecular model of DNA.

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    Mount Everest summit reached by Sir Edmund Hillary.

  46. 1954

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    First Atomic submarine, the Nautilus, is launched.

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    U.S Supreme Court unanimously bans racial segregation in public schools.

  47. 1955

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    Rosa Parks refuses to sit at the back of the bus.

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    Warsaw Pact is signed.

  48. 1956

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    Elvis Presley's Heartbreak Hotel released.

  49. 1957

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    The first Earth-orbiting satellite, Sputnik I, is launched.

  50. 1958

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    Tennis for Two, the precursor to Pong, is created.

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    Bobby Fischer wins the United States Chess Championship at age 14.

  51. 1959

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    Castro takes presidency of Cuba.

  52. 1960

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    American U-2 Spy plane shot down over Russia.

  53. 1961

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    East Germany erects Berlin Wall.

  54. 1962

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    Astronaut John Glenn becomes first American to orbit Earth.

  55. 1963

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    Dr. Michael De Bakey implants the first artificial heart in a human.

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    Martin Luther King Jr. delivers famous “I have a dream” speech.

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    President Kennedy assassinated.

  56. 1964

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    Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment.

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    The Beatles appear on The Ed Sullivan Show.

  57. 1965

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    Power failure in Ontario plant blacks out parts of eight states of the northeast U.S and two provinces of southeast Canada.

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    The Canadian “maple leaf” flag made its first official appearance in February.

  58. 1966

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    The Rolling Stones release Paint it, Black

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    The Beatles perform at the Nippon Budokan Hall in Tokyo.

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    CBC broadcasts colour T.V. in Canada for the first time

  59. 1967

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    Three Apollo astronauts are killed in a fire during a simulated launch.

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    The Doors release their debut album.

  60. 1968

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    Martin Luther King Jr. Is assassinated.

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    Pierre Elliott Trudeau is elected as Prime Minster of Canada.

  61. 1969

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    Apollo 11 astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins, take man's first steps on the moon.

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    English and French are both recognized as official languages by the Canadian Federal Government.

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    The breathalizer is put to use to test for drunk drivers.

  62. 1970

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    Four students at Kent State are slain during protests prompting national outcry.

  63. 1971

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    The first CANDU reactor begins operation in Gentilly, Quebec.

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    Pentagon Papers published.

  64. 1972

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    Five men are arrested attempting to bug the Democratic National Committee, beginning the Watergate Scandal.

  65. 1973

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    Vietnam War ends.

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    Staebler Insurance is 100 years old!

  66. 1974

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    The RCMP accepts female officers for the first time.

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    The Terracotta Army of Qin Shi Huang is discovered.

  67. 1975

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    The SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks.

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    The CN Tower becomes the World's tallest free-standing structure.

  68. 1976

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    The Eaton's catalogue is discontinued.

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    The death penalty is abolished in Canada.

  69. 1977

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    Nuclear non-proliferation pact is signed by 15 countries, including the U.S and U.S.S.R.

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    Apple Computer is incorporated.

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    Highway signs are changed to the metric system in Canada

  70. 1978

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    Jonestown mass suicide tragedy.

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    Via Rail is established.

  71. 1979

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    The Mississauga Train derailment causes the evacuation of thousands; with no fatalities.

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    The first fully functional Space Shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the Kennedy Space Center, to be prepared for its first launch.

  72. 1980

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    Terry Fox begins his Marathon of Hope run across Canada in support of cancer research.

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    U.S boycotts the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow

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    Smallpox eradicated.

  73. 1981

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    U.S. President Ronald Reagan is shot in the chest outside a Washington, D.C. hotel by John Hinckley, Jr.

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    The Canadarm is first deployed aboard the Space Shuttle.

  74. 1982

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    The Canada Act is passed by the British House of Commons.

  75. 1983

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    The metric system is officially adopted by the Canadian federal government.

  76. 1984

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    Apple Computer places the Macintosh personal computer on sale in the United States.

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    Marc Garneau becomes the first Canadian in space, aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger.

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    The Pope, John Paul II, visits Canada.

  77. 1985

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    USSR leader Chernenko dies at 73 and is replaced by Mikhail Gorbachev.

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    The wreck of the RMS Titanic is found off the coast of Newfoundland.

  78. 1986

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    Canada adopts sanctions against South Africa for its apartheid policies.

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    Canadian dollar hits an all-time low

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    Space shuttle Challenger explodes after launch at Cape Canaveral, Fla., killing all seven aboard.

  79. 1987

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    Severe earthquake strikes Los Angeles, leaving 100 injured and 6 dead.

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    Montreal is hit by a series of severe thunderstorms during the Montreal Flood of 1987.

  80. 1988

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    U.S. and Canada reach free trade agreement.

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    Wayne Gretzky is traded to the Los Angeles Kings by the Edmonton Oilers..

  81. 1989

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    Emperor Hirohito of Japan dead at 87.

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    The fall of the Berlin Wall

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    Army general Colin R. Powell is first black chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff.

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    $1 CAD bills are replaced by the $1 CAD coin, popularly referred to as “the Loonie”

  82. 1990

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    World Wide Web debuts, popularizes Internet.

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    South Africa frees Nelson Mandela, imprisoned over 27 years.

  83. 1991

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    Soviet Union breaks up after President Gorbachev's resignation; constituent republics form Commonwealth of Independent States.

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    GST (Goods & Services Tax) comes into effect

  84. 1992

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    Rioting erupts in South-Central Los Angeles following the aquital of officers accused in Rodney King beating.

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    Blue Jays become the first nominally Canadian team to win baseball's World Series

  85. 1993

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    China breaks nuclear test moratorium.

  86. 1994

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    Nelson Mandela elected President of South Africa.

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    O. J. Simpson arrested in killings of wife, Nicole Brown Simpson, and friend, Ronald Goldman.

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    The Parti Quebecois win a narrow majority.

  87. 1995

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    Terrorist Timothy McVeigh kills hundreds in Oklahoma City bombing.

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    Quebec narrowly rejects independence from Canada.

  88. 1996

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    Britain alarmed by deadly cow disease.

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    Kofi Annan named UN secretary-general.

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    $2 CAD coin is unveiled, popullarly referred to as “the Toonie”

  89. 1997

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    Princess Diana, 36, killed with two others in Paris car crash.

  90. 1998

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    Europeans agree on single currency; the euro.

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    A powerful ice storm paralizes huge portions of Quebec and Ontario.

  91. 1999

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    Tobacco companies admit to harm caused by cigarette smoking.

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    First Blackberry hits consumer market.

  92. 2000

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    Y2K.

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    E-coli outbreak in Walkerton, Ontario water supply, killing 9 people.

  1. 2001

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    Terrorists attack United States. Hijackers ram jetliners into twin towers of New York City's World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Over 3000 people are killed.

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    Wikipedia is launched.

  2. 2002

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    Hells Angels motorcycle gang leader Maurice Boucher is convicted in Montreal of two counts of first-degree murder.

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    Supreme Court of Canada rules that inmates can vote.

  3. 2003

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    The United States and Britain launch war against Iraq.

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    SARS outbreak in Toronto, killing 44 people.

  4. 2004

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    Former Enron CFO Andrew Fastow pleads guilty to defrauding Enron.

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    Enormous tsunami devastates Asia; at least 225,000 killed.

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    Facebook was created.

  5. 2005

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    Canada introduces the Civil Marriage Act, making Canada the fourth country to sanction same-sex marriage.

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    Google opens office in Waterloo Region.

  6. 2006

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    Steven Harper becomes Canada's first Conservative prime minister in over a dozen years.

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    U.N. Security Council resolution bans the Iranian import and export of materials and technology used to enrich uranium.

  7. 2007

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    Leaders of the eight industrialized nations meeting in Heiligendamm, Germany, agree to consider ways to halve greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.

  8. 2008

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    Global Financial Crisis

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    A total eclipse of the Sun is vPisible from Canada and extends across northern Greenland, the Arctic, Central Russia, Mongolia, and China.

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    Barack Obama is elected the 44th President of the United States, and becomes the first African-American President.

  9. 2009

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    The death of American entertainer Michael Jackson triggers an outpouring of worldwide grief.

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    James Cameron's film Avatar is released, and becomes the highest grossing film to date.

  10. 2010

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    A 7.0-magnitude earthquake occurs in Haiti, devastating the nation's capital, Port-au-Prince.

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    Nude, Green Leaves and Bust by Pablo Picasso sells in New York for US$106.5 million, setting another new world record for a work of art sold at auction.

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    The World Health Organization declares the H1N1 influenza pandemic over, saying worldwide flu activity has returned to typical seasonal patterns.

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    Alexandre Bilodeau is the first Canadian olympian to win a gold medal on Canadian soil.

  11. 2011

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    A heat wave across Eastern Canada peaks with temperatures reaching as high as 37.1 degrees Celsius (humidex: 51 degrees Celsius) in Toronto, Ontario.

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    Osama bin Laden, the founder and leader of the militant group Al-Qaeda, is killed.

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    The world's first artificial organ transplant is achieved, using an artificial windpipe coated with stem cells.

  12. 2012

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    Seven paintings worth $25 million are stolen from the Kunsthal in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

  13. 2013

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    A meteor explodes over the Russian city of Chelyabinsk, injuring 1,491 people and damaging over 4,300 buildings. It is the most powerful meteor to strike Earth's atmosphere in over a century.

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    American scientists use a 3D printer to create a living lab-grown ear from collagen and animal ear cell cultures.

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    Alberta floods.

  14. 2014

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    The World Health Organization identifies the spread of polio in at least 10 countries as a major worldwide health emergency.

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    Ebola outbreak in West Africa was first reported.